IPJJ - Interagency Panel on Juvenile Justice

Glossary

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Juvenile / youth court

A court with authority over cases involving individuals under a specified age, usually 18 years.

Juvenile Justice

Legislation, norms and standards, procedures, mechanisms and provisions, institutions and bodies specifically applicable to juvenile offenders. These are not necessarily framed within a separate juvenile justice system. In the criminal code for example, special provisions may exist for minors although they are dealt with in criminal rather than juvenile court.

Mediation

An alternative to a court proceeding in which a neutral person assists two or more people to resolve a conflict and reach a solution acceptable to all sides.

Minimum age of criminal responsibility

The age of criminal responsibility is when a child is held responsible for his/her own behaviour and can be found guilty in a court.

NGOs

Non governmental organisations

Non-custodial measure

A non-custodial measure is a measure to which a child may be sentenced by a competent authority that does not include deprivation of liberty.

Offence

A child commits an offence where he or she commits any act punishable by the law by virtue of the legal system in question.

Pre-trial detention

A child is held in pre-sentence detention where he or she is deprived of liberty and is awaiting a final decision on his or her case from a competent authority. Legal time limits on pre-trial detention tend to range from 24 to 48 hours before seeing a judge.