Juvenile / youth court
A court with authority over cases involving individuals under a specified age, usually 18 years.
Legislation, norms and standards, procedures, mechanisms and provisions, institutions and bodies specifically applicable to juvenile offenders. These are not necessarily framed within a separate juvenile justice system. In the criminal code for example, special provisions may exist for minors although they are dealt with in criminal rather than juvenile court.
An alternative to a court proceeding in which a neutral person assists two or more people to resolve a conflict and reach a solution acceptable to all sides.
Minimum age of criminal responsibility
The age of criminal responsibility is when a child is held responsible for his/her own behaviour and can be found guilty in a court.
Non governmental organisations
A non-custodial measure is a measure to which a child may be sentenced by a competent authority that does not include deprivation of liberty.
A child commits an offence where he or she commits any act punishable by the law by virtue of the legal system in question.
A child is held in pre-sentence detention where he or she is deprived of liberty and is awaiting a final decision on his or her case from a competent authority. Legal time limits on pre-trial detention tend to range from 24 to 48 hours before seeing a judge.