IPJJ - Interagency Panel on Juvenile Justice

Glossary

All items A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Caution

Official warning given to offenders who admit to their guilt.

Child

A child means every human being below the age of eighteen years unless, under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier. See article 1, Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC).

Community Order

A court sentence to be served in the community. As part of the Community Order the court may order the offender to fulfil a number of requirements. These include drug or alcohol treatment and testing, electronic monitoring (tagging), curfew, living at a specified address, unpaid work, doing or refraining from doing certain things or entering certain places, or attending certain programmes.

Complaints mechanism

A complaints mechanism is any system that allows a child deprived of liberty to bring any aspect of the treatment that child has received, including violations of his or her rights, to the attention of the authority responsible for the place of detention, or any other official body established for such purpose.

Conflict with the law

A child is in conflict with the law when he or she has committed or has been accused of having committed an offence. Depending upon the local context, children may also be "in conflict with the law" when they are dealt with by the juvenile justice or adult criminal justice system for reason of being considered to be in danger by virtue of their behaviour or the environment in which they live.

Customary norms

Widespread consistent norms in the State in question, including long standing tribal or indigenous rules that may be known by a large part of the population.