IPJJ - Interagency Panel on Juvenile Justice

Glossary

All items A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Administrative detention

A child is held in administrative detention when he or she is held specifically under the power or order of the executive branch of government and is not subject to the usual juvenile justice or adult criminal justice system procedure.

Adult criminal justice system

The adult criminal justice system consists of the laws, procedures, professionals, authorities and institutions that apply to witnesses and victims, and to adults alleged as, accused of, or recognized as having committed a criminal offence.

Aftercare

Control, supervision, and care exercised over children after they leave community-based programmes or are released from juvenile facilities. Aftercare may include probation, counselling, and enrolment in a community programme, or other forms of treatment. Aftercare services are designed to support children's return to their families and communities and to lessen the chance that they will get into trouble again.

Alternatives to detention

This term refers to measures that may be imposed on children who are being formally processed though the criminal justice system, at both pre-trial and sentencing stages, that do not involve deprivation of liberty. These may refer to a police caution or warning; a written or verbal apology; written essays on the effects of the crime committed; community service / work; restitution to the victim; participation in a life skills course; counselling or therapeutic treatment; or other restorative justice programmes.

Arrest

The action of taking a child into police custody for the purpose of charging him or her with a delinquent act. The juvenile justice process often begins with an investigation by a police officer, either because he or she observes a delinquent act being committed or because such an act is reported. The police officer will generally take one of three actions at intake or arrest: 1) release the child to his or her parents with a warning or reprimand, 2) release the child to the parents under the condition that the child enrolls in a community diversion programme, or 3) keep the child in custody and refer the matter to the juvenile courts for further processing.

Bail

A suspect who has been arrested or charged with an offence is released by the police or court on condition that they report back at a certain date and time. Sometimes the suspect has to keep to certain conditions, such as living in a particular place, or not going near witnesses.

Caution

Official warning given to offenders who admit to their guilt.

Child

A child means every human being below the age of eighteen years unless, under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier. See article 1, Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC).

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